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废物燃烧二恶英检测

  • 2014-09-24

废物焚烧产生二恶英

  “TANDAOLAJIFENSHAO,WOMENJIUWUFAHUIBIEREYINGWENTI。FADAGUOJIAMUQIANZUIDADEEREYINGFASANYUANJIUSHIFENSHAOLU。”ZAIJINRIJUXINGDEDIERJIECHIJIUXINGYOUJIWURANWUQUANGUOXUESHUYANTAOHUISHANG,QINGHUADAXUEHUANJINGYUGONGCHENGXIJIAOSHOUWANGWEIDUI《KEXUESHIBAO》JIZHESHUO。

  LAJIFENSHAOLUPAIFANGDEZHUYAOWURANWUSHIEREYING、SUANXINGQITI、YANCHENHEZHONGJINSHU。JUTONGJI,WOGUO2005NIANSHENGHUOLAJIFENSHAOCHULILIANGDADAO791WANDUN;DAO2020NIAN,GAISHUZIJIANGDADAO8900WANDUN。CHUSHENGHUOLAJIWAI,WEIXIANFEIWUHELIAOFEIWUDEFENSHAOYESHICHANSHENGEREYINGDEGENYUAN。2004NIAN,QUANGUODUIWEIXIANFEIWUZONGHELIYONG、FENSHAO、TIANMAISHESHIDACHANLVFENBIEWEI35.4%、41.3%、44.2%;LIAOFEIWUJIZHONGCHULISHESHISHEJINENGLI1327.43DUN/RI。

  “GUOJIAHUANBAOZONGJU2006NIANGONGBUDE‘EREYINGCHUBUPAIFANGQINGDAN’DIAOCHAJIEGUOXIANSHI,FEIWUFENSHAOSUOCHANSHENGDEEREYINGZONGLIANGJINCIYUGANGTIEHEJINSHUSHENGCHAN,YIJIFADIANHEGONGREGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDEEREYINGZONGLIANG,ERZHEIQIZHONG,LIAOFEIWUYOUYUFENSHAOLIANGDA,QIPAIFANGLIANGYEZUIDA。”

  实验要求较高

  专家介绍说,在废物焚烧过程中,目前国外脱除烟气二恶英的方法主要采用活性炭吸附法和催化氧化工艺。活性炭吸附法技术要求不高,为物理吸附方法,但脱除率有限;催化氧化工艺则为化学方法,脱除效果好,毒物分解彻底,运行成本低,而且可用于其他有机废气的治理,是一种较为先进的技术。目前,这两种技术在国外都已投入工业应用。

 

  YOUYUEREYINGZAIYANGPINZHONGDECHAODIHANLIANG,SHIDEZAIEREYINGSHIYANSHIBENSHENDEJIANSHEFANGMIANYEYOUXUDUOKEKEYAOQIU。ZHUANJIAJIESHAO,EREYINGLEIWUZHIDECAIYANGYUFENXIFEICHANGFUZA,SHUYUCHAOHENLIANG、DUOZUFENFENXI,DUIFANGFATEYIXING、XUANZEXINGHELINGMINDUDEYAOQIUJIGAO,NANYILIYONGCHANGGUIFENXISHOUDUANJINXINGYOUXIAODEFENLIHEDINGXINGDINGLIANG,CHANGGUIFENXISHIYANSHIHEPUTONGDEDIFENBIANZHIPUWUFADADAOSHANGSHUYAOQIU。LINGWAI,JISHIZAISHIYANQIJU、YIQIDEQINGXI、SHIJIDESHIYONGDENGXIJIEFANGMIAN,EREYINGSHIYANSHIYEDOUYOUZHEFEICHANGYANGEDEYAOQIU。

  JINJINIAN,YANJIUZHEMENKAIFALEJIZHONGSHENGHUOLAJIFENSHAOFEIHUIDEDIWENJIEDUJISHU,DANYOUYUYANJIUDEYANGPINYOUXIAN,WEISHIBIEJUEDINGFENSHAOFEIHUIDIWENJIEDUTEXINGDEGONGXINGYINSU。CIWAI,SHANGMEIYOUGUANYUWEIXIANFEIWUHELIAOFEIWUFENSHAOFEIHUIDEDIWENJIEDUYANJIUDEBAODAO。KEXUEJIAMENDUIYUFENSHAOFEIHUIZHONGEREYINGDEJIEDUJILIRENGYOUDAISHENRUYANJIU。

  人类还无法做到二恶英零排放

  LAJIFENSHAOZHONGKONGZHIEREYINGXINGCHENGDEYIGEGONGYIYAOQIUJIUSHICHONGFENRANSHAO,CHONGFENRANSHAOKEYIXIANZHUJIANSHAOEREYINGDEPAIFANG。ZHUANJIAJIESHAOSHUO,CHONGFENRANSHAOYOUYIGE“SANT”YUANZE——WENDU、TINGLIUSHIJIANHEJIAODONG(CHONGFENHUNHE)。SUOYOUMEIYOURANSHAOWANQUANDEYANQIYINGGAIZAIRANSHAOQUTINGLIUCHONGFENDESHIJIANSHIQIWANQUANRANSHAO,WENDUYAODADAOEREYINGDEPOHUAIWENDU,YIBANYAOQIUZAI850℃YISHANG,ZHISHAOTINGLIULIANGMIAO,BINGQIEYAOYOURAODONG,JICHONGFENHUNHE。DANSHI,EREYINGZAIGAOWENGUOCHENGZHONGBEIPOHUAIQUCHU,ZAIJIANGWENDEGUOCHENGZHONGHAIKENENGZAISHENGCHENG,RUHEKONGZHIEREYINGDEZAISHENGCHENGCHENGWEISHIJIEXINGDENANTI。

  YINCI,DAOMUQIANWEIZHI,RENLEIZHINENGJINKENENGJIANSHAOEREYINGDEPAIFANG,ERWUFAZUODAOLINGPAIFANG。

  “MUQIAN,WOGUODELAJIFENSHAOLUHAICHUYUCHUJIANJIEDUAN,FENSHAOFEIHUIYICHENGWEIEREYINGDEGAONONGDUZAITI。DUIYUJIAOXIANJINDEFENSHAOLU,FENSHAOFEIHUIFUJILE85%~95%DEEREYING。YINCI,XUEJIANFENSHAOFEIHUIZHONGDEEREYINGDUISHIXIANEREYINGDEZONGLIANGKONGZHI、LVXING《SIDEGEERMOGONGYUE》KONGZHIEREYINGDEYIWUJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。”

  WOGUOSHENGCHANFENSHAOLUDECHANGJIACHENGBAISHANGQIAN,DANCHANPINNENGGOUDADAOWUHAIHUABIAOZHUNDEQUESHIFENGMAOLINJIAO。QINGHUADAXUEYOUGUANBOSHISHENGCENGJINGDUIBUTONGDIQU7GEZHENGZAIYUNZHUANDELAJIFENSHAOLUDEPAIFANGWUJINXINGGUODIAOCHA,FAXIANQIZHONG6GEBUHEGE。

  “WOGUOYINGGAIJIAQIANGDUIFENSHAOYUANEREYINGPAIFANGDEJIANCE,YOUQISHIWEIXIANFEIWUHELIAOFEIWUFENSHAOLU;YINGGAIYANGEKONGZHIXINJIANFEIWUFENSHAOLUDEEREYINGPAIFANG;KAIFAYIPIJUYOUZIZHUZHISHICHANQUANDEEREYINGXUEJIANJISHU;JIAQIANGLIFA,QIANGHUAEREYINGDEJIANPAIZEREN。”

  “YIDINGYAOXIQUFADAGUOJIADEJIAOXUN,YANBAXUANDIAN、PAIFANG、JISHUHECAOZUOGUAN,BUYAOZAIZOUXIANWURANZAIGAIZAODELAOLULE。”。

  ZILIAOLIANJIE:EREYINGSHIMUQIANFAXIANDEWUYISHIHECHENGDEFUCHANPINZHONGDUXINGZUIQIANGDEHUAHEWU,SHIYIZHONGDUIRENTIFEICHANGYOUHAIDEWUZHI,YESHI《SIDEGEERMOGONGYUE》ZHONGGUIDINGJIANPAIHEXIAOCHUDE12ZHONGYOUJIWURANWUZHIYI,QIDUXINGXIANGDANGYUQINGHUAJIADE1000BEIYISHANG,JISHIZAIWEILIANGQINGKUANGXIA,ZHANGQISHEQUYEKEYINQIAIZHENGDENGWANZHENG,GUOJIAIZHENGYANJIUZHONGXINYIJIANGTALIEWEIRENLEIYIJIZHIAIWU。ZILIAOXIANSHI,ZHIYAO1ANGSI(28.35KE)EREYING,JIUNENGJIANG100WANRENZHIYUSIDI。

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